ASSEMBLY-ORIENTED DESIGN IN AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING
The current engineering process in the automotive industry is chiefly part oriented. What counts most, however, is the optimisation of complete assemblies. Assembly-oriented design (AOD) is introduced as an approach which optimises the development process in a way that benefits both development itself and downstream processes. It breaks with the paradigm of part-orientation prevailing today and promotes a top-down approach towards the creation of complex assemblies; it combines different aspects of methodology and engineering system design. Whereas design for assembly (DFA) subordinates development to the optimisation of the production process, AOD promotes an integrative approach which offers potentials along the complete process chain.