A multi-criteria decision-making approach to optimize the part build orientation in additive manufacturing

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nadège Troussier
Author: Sartini, Mikhailo (1); Luca, Manuguerra (1); Claudio, Favi (2); Marco, Mandolini (1)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: Università Politecnica delle Marche; 2: Università Politecnica delle Marche
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 0293-0302
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/pds.2023.30


The part build orientation is a manufacturing variable that must be considered when designing a product to maximise AM opportunities. There are several approaches to selecting the best print direction in the scientific literature by considering different criteria. However, most of the studies are focused on specific AM technologies. It is missing a general method that evaluates a widespread number of criteria. Furthermore, such approaches expect designers establish weights for technical criteria that are too specific, especially during the preliminary design steps. Designers are familiar with criteria like cost-effectiveness, productiveness, quality and mechanical strength.

The paper presents a multi-criteria decision-making approach to optimise the build part orientation in additive manufacturing. The method considers five decision-making criteria (cost-effectiveness, rapidity, productiveness, quality and mechanical strength) and seventeen specific technical criteria. TOPSIS is the method used to optimise the build part orientation. A case study of three components exemplifies the five steps of the procedure.

Keywords: Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM), Additive Manufacturing, Decision making, TOPSIS, Build Part Orientation

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